Smoke Colloquium Series Lecture

Invisible middle-class Black space:
The architecture and consequences of space-focused
stereotype content at the race-class nexus

Caitlyn Yantis, Ph.D.
Visiting Assistant Professor
Department of Psychology, Franklin & Marshall College

In addition to racial stereotypes about people (e.g., Black people are poor), perceivers also hold parallel racial stereotypes about physical spaces (e.g., Black spaces are impoverished). In this talk, I describe how these strong, class-laden space-focused stereotypes impact White Americans’ ability to imagine and recognize Black space that is middle-class and desirable. Two studies demonstrate that, relative to spaces at other race-class intersections, Whites demonstrate difficulty imagining middleclass Black space that is truly middle-class and desirable, which makes them feel less connected to middle-class Black (vs. White) spaces, and makes them less willing to recognize and want to live in middle-class Black (vs. White) neighborhoods. I discuss how these findings have implications for ongoing racial disparities, including residential segregation and the racial wealth gap.

Remote/Virtual viewing at

Wednesday, October 28 at 4:00pm to 5:00pm


Event Type

Lectures & Presentations

Target Audience




Psychology Department
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